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  • S. Banik

Analysing financial data and information

Financial information and financial data are being analysed


Accounting and financial data are written records that are used to determine and analyse the performance of a business and its financial position, as well as to assist in the decision-making and investment of the business. Anyone can benefit from financial information in order to gain a clear understanding of the organization's business operations. In order for a business to be successful, it must have a strong financial statement. The use of financial information such as income statements and balance sheets allows a company to keep track of its operational results (Roberts,2015, p.72).





Accounts Payable and Receivable


Assets can be divided into two categories: non-current assets and current assets. Inventory, goodwill, inventories, accounts receivable, property and equipment are examples of assets on a balance sheet, while liabilities are examples of liabilities on a balance sheet. Inventory, goodwill, inventories, accounts receivable, property and equipment are examples of assets on a balance sheet. Balance sheets are more important than ever before because they keep business owners informed about the financial health of their organisation. The majority of businesses do not recognise when they are in trouble until it is too late. It is caused by the failure of business owners to conduct a thorough examination of their balance sheets. Let's pretend that a company's assets and liabilities are distributed in a ratio less than one to one. A high probability of bankruptcy exists in this scenario, and business owners must devise sound strategic moves to improve the company's financial situation. Additionally, balance sheets are necessary because they allow banks to determine whether or not a company qualifies for loans or additional credits. Potential and current investors can use balance sheets to better determine where they can invest and what they can expect in the future. Due to the increased likelihood of prosperity and growth, investors place a high value on businesses that have a substantial amount of cash on hand. Balance sheets serve as a snapshot of a company's financial records at a specific point in time. The book value of a business assists small business owners in determining the worth of their enterprise. Furthermore, the balance sheet aids in the identification of new trends in the company's finances, particularly in the area of suppliers and customer relationships.


Profit and loss statement


In financial reporting, an income statement is critical because it indicates whether or not a company is making a profit. The income statements of the companies show the total expenses and revenues incurred by the company. When calculating total profit or loss, this is the formula that is used. The total profit of a company is calculated by subtracting all of its costs from all of its revenues during a given accounting period. It provides a clear picture and concise summary of revenues earned and expenses incurred by the company, as well as the overall profitability of that organisation. The information provided will assist investors and managers in making a financial decision. When compared to other financial documents, the income statement is calculated more frequently. Additionally, the income statement is important because it aids in the classification of a company's expenses and revenues.


The significance of the income statement


Entrepreneurs and investors can use this tool to determine whether they will generate profit by reducing costs, increasing revenues, or a combination of the two. The income statement demonstrates the effectiveness of the strategies implemented by a company at the start of a financial period, or fiscal year. Entrepreneurs and investors examine the income statement to determine whether or not their strategies are effective. They conduct research to assist them in making the best decisions that will result in the greatest amount of profit. Employees both within the organisation and outside of it use the income statement. Internal users of the income statement include the board of directors and company management, who perform business analysis and make decisions about how to generate more profits. Creditors, competitors, and investors are examples of external users.


Cash Flow Statement (also known as a cash flow statement)


The most significant benefit of a cash flow statement is that it assists in determining the company's cash position and determining the amount of available cash. It tracks the inflow and outflow of cash over a period of time. As well as this, it measures and pays for the company's cash-generating power as well as its debt repayment requirements, as well as its operating expenses. A cash flow statement is useful for both long- and short-term planning, as well as for maintaining cash flow control over time. It also provides specific information on how and where the money is being spent. It is beneficial in analysing working capital. A cash flow statement assists entrepreneurs in determining how well a company's operations are running, as well as understanding the source of the company's money and how the company is spending its money, among other things. Additionally, the cash flow statement is useful in determining whether or not a company is on sound financial ground. It is not possible to calculate the cash flow statement using a formula. The company's cash flow is represented by three activities, which are listed below: Components of the statements are listed below.


Operation of the activity


Operating activities such as cash usage, money sources, and sales activities for the company's products and services are all included in this category. Account payable, account receivable, inventory, and changes in cash are all examples of cash-related operations. In addition, transactions include income tax payments, interest payments, wages, rent, and cash receipts from product sales, among other things.


Investing activities are defined as


These activities include any expenditure of cash resulting from business investments or the use of the company's own funds. In addition, the sale or purchase of an asset, loans received from customers or made to vendors, as well as the acquisition or payment of assets in connection with a merger, are included in this classification. In the event that a company purchases fixed assets, they are also included in this category. Briefly stated, all changes in investments, assets, or equipment that are associated with investing activities are referred to as "investment changes."


Finance-related activities


Money generated from financial activities includes money received from entrepreneurs or banks, as well as cash used for shareholder distributions and dividends. The activities listed below include debt repayments, loans, debt issuance, and stock repurchases, to name a few examples.