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  • Dr. S A

Understand how to choose sources of finance and investment

Business owners have a wide range of options for obtaining financing for their operations. Financing is required for a variety of purposes, and different objectives necessitate the use of diverse sources of finance that are best suited to their needs. When determining the most acceptable source of financing, a number of things must be taken into consideration.



When selecting an acceptable source of financing, the following aspects must be taken into account:

The amount of money required is as follows: This is the amount of money the organisation hopes to raise through fundraising. Not all sources of money are able to offer all of the funds required. There are some sources that are well-known for raising enormous sums of money, whilst others are not flexible enough to raise the modest amount of money that a business needed in order to survive. As a result, it is vital to determine the amount of money required by the company in order to select an appropriate source of financing. For example, borrowing a commercial loan to solve a small and short-term cash-flow problem is not a good idea because commercial loans may have a minimum level that can be borrowed. Instead, taking out a bank overdraft would be a better option because money can be borrowed in small amounts and bank overdrafts can be paid back quickly, as opposed to borrowing a commercial loan. As a result, while selecting a source of finance, the amount of money necessary is an important consideration. The need for funding is of the utmost importance: This relates to the quantity of time a company can devote to the collection of financial resources. It is possible to spend time searching for low-cost alternatives to traditional sources of finance if a company has a significant amount of time until its financial requirements are met. If, on the other hand, the company needs the money as quickly as possible, it will have to make some cost compromises and accept a source of funds that may even be more expensive. Additionally, it is necessary to determine the urgency of finances, because certain sources of finance require more time to raise funds than other sources of finance do. Creating shares, for example, is a lengthy and complex process that involves meeting legal criteria, informing potential shareholders (through advertising), and finally, collecting money through the application and allotment procedures, both of which are time-consuming processes. The cost of the source of financing is as follows: The costs associated with different sources of money vary. Finding and obtaining lower-cost sources of capital is always more advantageous for a company. At other times, scheduling constraints prevent organisations from looking for more cost-effective sources of funding. It is always more cost effective to use internal sources of money than external sources of finance. The dangers associated are as follows: It is the assurance of earning returns on the investment made with the help of the finance that poses the danger. In layman's terms, it is the degree to which the project's success is guaranteed. Lenders will be reluctant to offer financing to a business if they are not satisfied that the project in which their money is invested is less likely to provide returns than they believe it to be. Money can be pledged against an asset as collateral, which will persuade the lender to lend more money in this situation. The length of time that money is invested: In this case, the money is required for a specific time period. It can be for a short length of time (within one year), a medium-term period (one to five years), or a long period of time (five years or more). By determining the amount of time that the organisation will require funding, the organisation can eliminate undesirable sources of finance and then choose a source of finance that is more suited for the time period that is necessary. The business's gearing ratio is as follows: The gearing ratio, which measures the relationship between debt capital and total capital in a corporation, is extremely essential in determining the availability of financing sources. Businesses that are highly leveraged will find it difficult to obtain loans from commercial lenders because they are already functioning on more debt than equity capital. A corporation with a high debt-to-equity ratio will be required to pay a greater proportion of its income as interest on loans and other borrowed capital. As a result, potential lenders are concerned about the company's ability to cope with increased interest payments as well as debt settlement. Control over the company's operations: Existing shareholders of a firm would be hesitant to issue new shares because doing so would result in a dilution of control over the company's operations. The issuance of shares in public limited companies also provides the potential for outside parties to acquire control of the company. In the case of venture capitalists, where the money is invested as equity and the venture capitalists hold ownership rights, they have the ability to influence the direction in which the business is run. Existing shareholders as well as owners of a company who do not wish to see any changes in the control as well as ownership of the company would turn a blind eye to sources of equity financing. Recent market happenings may have left we pondering whether or not we should make adjustments to our current portfolio of investments. It is the worry of the SEC's Office of Investor Education and Advocacy that some investors, such as bargain hunters as well as mattress stuffers, are making snap investment decisions without taking their long-term financial objectives into consideration.

While we are unable to provide advice on how to manage our investment portfolio in a volatile market, we are publishing this Investor Alert to provide we with the information we need to make an educated decision about our investments. Before making any decisions, take into consideration the following areas of importance:

1. Create a personal financial road map for ourselves.

You should sit down & take an honest look at our complete financial condition before making any investment decisions. This is especially important if we have never created a financial plan in the past. The first step in being a successful investor is determining our investment objectives and risk tolerance - either on our own or with the assistance of a financial advisor. There is no assurance that we will make money on our investments in the future. However, if we learn the facts about saving and investing and then put our plan into action, we should be able to achieve financial security over time and reap the rewards of being in charge of our finances.

2. Evaluate our level of comfort with taking risks in our life.

Risk is inherent in all investments to some degree. We must be aware of the possibility of losing some or all of our money if we intend to purchase securities such as stocks, bonds, or mutual funds before we make our investment. Aside from the money we deposit in FDIC-insured banks and NCUA-insured credit unions, the money we invest in securities is normally not protected by the federal government. we run the risk of losing our principal, which is the amount of money we put into the investment. This is true even if we acquire our investments through a financial institution. The potential for a higher investment return is the reward for taking on more risk in the first place. we are more likely to gain more money by necessary calculations in asset categories with greater risk, such as stocks or bonds, rather than by restricting our investments to assets with lower risk, such as cash equivalents, if we have a long-term financial objective. When it comes to short-term financial objectives, investing simply in cash assets may be the most appropriate option. When it comes to investing in cash equivalents, inflation risk is the primary source of concern. Inflation risk is the possibility that inflation will outstrip and erode earnings over time.


Make an informed decision on the proper mix of investments.


An investor can assist protect against severe losses by including asset categories with investment returns that fluctuate up and down in response to changing market circumstances in their portfolio. For most of history, the returns of the three major asset classes – stocks; bonds; and cash – have not fluctuated in the same direction at the same time. Market conditions that enable one asset category to perform well are frequently associated with asset categories that perform averagely or poorly. By diversifying our investments over a variety of asset classes, we can lower the likelihood of losing money while also increasing the likelihood that our portfolio's total investment returns will be more consistent. If the investment return on one asset category declines, you'll be in a position to offset our losses in that asset category with higher investment returns in another asset category, if the investment return on that asset category declines. Apart from that, asset allocation is critical because it has a significant impact on our ability to achieve our financial objectives. If we do not incorporate enough risk in our portfolio, our investments may not generate a sufficient amount of return to achieve our objectives. Consider the following scenario: If we are saving for a long-term goal, such as retirement or college, the majority of financial experts agree that we will almost certainly need to include at least some stocks or stock mutual funds in our portfolio.

4. Exercise caution when investing a significant amount of money in shares of an employer's stock or any other individual stock.

One of the most essential steps we can take to reduce the risks associated with investing is to diversify our holdings. It's plain sense: don't put all our eggs in one basket when it comes to investing. The correct combination of assets within an asset category may allow we to limit our losses and lessen the swings in investment returns while sacrificing too much of our prospective gains. In the event that we invest extensively in shares of our employer's stock or in any individual stock, we will be subjected to severe investment risk. If the stock performs poorly or if the company goes bankrupt, we will almost certainly lose a significant amount of money (and perhaps our job).

5. Establish and maintain a contingency reserve for unexpected expenses.

The majority of wise investors put aside enough money in a savings vehicle to handle an emergency, such as being laid off unexpectedly. Some people make sure they have up to six months' worth of their income in savings so that they may be confident that it will be there for them if they need it when the time comes.

6. Eliminate high-interest credit card debt as quickly as possible.

There is no investing strategy available anywhere that pays off too as, or with less risk than, simply paying off all high-interest debt we may have accumulated over time. It is always best to pay off our debts on high-interest credit cards as soon as possible, regardless of how things are going on in the market.

7. take into consideration dollar cost averaging.

Following a continuous pattern of adding fresh money to our investment over an extended period of time, we can protect ourselves from the risk of investing all of our money at the incorrect time using the investment method known as "dollar cost averaging. " By making recurring investments with the same amount of money each time, we will be able to purchase more of an investment when the price of the investment is low and less of an investment when the price of the investment is high. Individuals who typically make a single lump-sum contribution to an individual retirement account at the end of the calendar year or in early April may want to consider "dollar cost averaging" as an investment strategy, particularly in a volatile market, according to the Financial Planning Association.

8. Take advantage of "free money" provided by our employer.

In many company retirement plans, the company will match a portion or the all of our contributions, depending on the plan. If our employer provides a retirement plan and we do not make enough contributions to qualify for the full match offered by our employer, we are foregoing "free money" for our retirement savings.

9. Rebalancing our portfolio on a regular basis is a good idea.

Rebalancing refers to the process of returning our portfolio to its original asset allocation balance. By rebalancing our portfolio, we will guarantee that it does not overemphasise one or more asset groups, and we will bring our portfolio back to a level of risk that is comfortable for you.

10. Stay away from situations that could lead to identity theft.

Scam artists are aware of the news stories as well. Frequently, they will utilise a well published news article to entice potential investors as well as make their "opportunity" appear more credible in the eyes of the public. Before making a financial investment, the SEC suggests that we ask questions and verify the answers with an unbiased source. Always take our time and consult with trusted family members and friends before making a financial commitment.